To make cigars, tobacco is grown worldwide, from Poland to South Africa, from Argentina to Canada and, westbound, from Philippines to Mexico. But cigar tobaccos are mainly grown from the intertropical areas.
Tobacco is regarded as a plant originally from America. Some species were identified in South Pacific. There are numerous species and varieties. Not all are employed in smoking products. Many are grown as ornamental plants since they are frequently blooming, showing colors from white to dark red and purple.
Here are some of the countries where tobacco is grown, to make your cigars.
Argentina grows dark air-cured tobacco in the provinces of Misiones and Corrientes, and flue cured tobacco in the area of Salta. Misiones has a production of Burley type. These tobaccos are mainly for Marlboro cigarettes is appreciated for brief filler cigars due to its smooth taste. Argentina had been a large producer and exporter but modifications in the economic and tax policies have seriously damaged the development, making the tobacco too expensive to become competitive about the international market. Consequently, production volumes have decreased.
Brazil is one of the largest world’s tobacco producers. The East Central State of Bahia is a crucial cigar tobacco growing area, about 100 miles west from the state capital, Salvador da Bahia, an active port about the Atlantic Coast. The Northern State of Alagoas hosts a production around the city of Arapiraca where maduro cigar wrappers are grown. The Southern states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina produce tobacco for cigarettes and pipe
Cameroon cigar wrappers are grown inside the East area of the country. The growing area spreads across the eastern border, to the Central African Republic. Wrappers are air grown, without fertilizers and pesticides, by small farmers. The normal plantation dimension is about one acre. The seed is originally from Sumatra, introduced inside the country just after WWII. Grown first for French Monopoly needs, the tobacco was offered about the international market when production was too large with this single use. Well appreciated by European manufacturers and big American cigars companies, Cameroon wrapper production dropped down during the late 1980s, because of poor management. Today, quantities are small and quality could be better.
China is undoubtedly the largest tobacco producer, with approximately 5 millions metric tons. USA follows with about 1 million metric tons. Chinese tobacco is a flue-cured type, not aromatic as well as a bit sharp in taste. This tobacco is just not suited to cigars. It is actually mainly useful for local cigarette consumption. A small quantity is exported. Cigarette industries import the tobacco and then use it like a neutral and cheap filler.
The Connecticut Valley, from the Northeast of your USA, is known for the bright yellow cigar wrapper. As a result of sizzling hot and sunny summer, the tobacco is shade grown. Whoever has flown over Hartford, CT, seated next to the window, could not forget to have seen the enormous white acreage of land standing all-around: the tobacco fields engrossed in white clothes to guard the plants from your direct sun radiation. And the huge barns, large like cathedrals, ready for that flue curing. Impressive!
Tobacco grows all over Cuba. Your premium cigar has become made, I am hoping, out from pall mall cigarettes coming from the West province of Vuelta Abajo, where a really good material is harvested. In Central and East Cuba, the provinces of Remedios and Oriente yield tobacco that may be not should be acceptable for what everybody calls a Havana!
Dominican Republic can be a traditional tobacco-growing country. Inside the 60’s, a Cuban seed was introduced along with the resulting tobacco (Piloto Cubano) became famous like a good substitute of your Cuban tobacco that had been will no longer capable to enter into the USA. Exiled Cubans did a great job there. Piloto Cubano is actually a full bodied tobacco but, maybe, is missing some aroma. Blended with Olor dominicano type, more aromatic, Piloto Cubano helps make the 100% dominican cigar a really decent cigar. Both Dominican types are excellent components for multi-origin blends.
The Eastern countries of the Mediterranean Sea are focused on the culture of Oriental type tobacco, that is sun-cured. Greece, Turkey and Bulgaria will be the main producers, but Lebanon, Syria, Macedonia, and Romania are also growing. This tobacco has tiny leaves, that are sometimes only 2 inches long. The sun curing offers them a yellowish color and sugar content. Aroma is often rich as well as a small proportion of oriental tobacco inside a blend brings a lot inside the taste. This tobacco will not be used for long filler cigars, but only simply speaking filler cigars and cigarettes.
Ecuador is the perfect spot to grow wrappers, as it is located on the Equator! And it has rich soils too. The elements conditions, by using a nearly permanent cloudy sky, give a natural shade, devepky47 the wrapper plants from sunshine and allowing the tobacco to grow thin and lightweight. Ecuador supplies Connecticut and Sumatra type wrappers to many people cigar factory on the planet.
Honduras has produced up a strong reputation in making premium cigars. The country is a rather small tobacco producer and also the cigars are mainly constructed from imported leaves. However, Honduras has a pretty good potential for growing tobacco, especially wrappers, and may develop into a major player in the foreseeable future.
Tobacco is grown in numerous islands of the Archipelago but, in terms of cigars have concerns, Sumatra and Java are those. Sumatra Wrappers are known worldwide. Central Java (Vorstenland) and East Java (Besuki) produce fillers and wrappers in abundance. Indonesia can be a key country for cigar tobacco.
Dark air cured tobaccos are designed in Mexico, mainly in Vera Cruz and Tampico provinces, around the East Coast across the Golf. Addititionally there is some production in Yucatan. Previously a state-owned operation, it really is now handled by private individuals and cooperatives. Mexican tobacco is extremely dark along with the best leaves can be used as maduro wrappers. In San Andres de Tuxtla (Vera Cruz), you will find a very interesting manufacture of Sumatra seed wrappers.
In Philippines, tobacco growing is concentrated within the Northern portion of the main island of Luzon. Traditionally, dark tobacco for cigars was grown and Philippines’ cigars were very famous, beneath the powerful Compania General de Tabaccos de Filipinas. They probably declined simply because they were too mild. Today, Philippines still grows dark tobacco and contains designed a production of flue-cured tobacco for Benson & Hedges cigarettes.
Zimbabwe is amongst the top three countries for high quality flue cured tobacco (with the USA and Brazil). The embargo that hit the country, when it was still Rhodesia, failed to hurt the production. It made the Rhodesians more inventive and they went on producing. Currently, Zambia and Tanzania, the neighboring countries were selling a whole lot! When the embargo was lifted in 1980 allowing us to deal directly, we discovered an intriguing organization and equipment, the most effective worldwide. Tobacco was the most notable activity of your country and obtaining employment in tobacco was a challenge for a lot of men. The exact Zimbabwean agrarian policy , which we won’t discuss here, will most likely strike this country off of the listing of tobacco producers. Cigar industry will not likely suffer as flue-cured tobaccos are mostly concerned. Brazil needs to be the major beneficiary with this situation.